About fake news, social sharing and its blind spots

Studium Generale Lecture
Maastricht University

Monday 30 October 2017

 

In reaction to scandals about ‘fake news’, digital services such as “Full Fact” have been developed to flag up dubious content online. Such services propose new ways to solve an old problem: how can we distinguish between legitimate and illegitimate information sources? However, today’s digital solutions to this longstanding “problem of demarcation” risk to reproduce an old blindspot: they suggest that the main problem is with social media content itself. But the ways in which content circulates online equally plays a role.

In this lecture, I will argue that the wider design principles that inform social media are partly responsible for the lack of respect for knowledge in the online public sphere. Platforms like Twitter rely on “social algorithms” to select sources for disclosure: they distinguish between valuable and invalid sources on the basis of how widely they are shared. Such principles are not very well attuned to the requirements of democratic communication. While many digital media algorithms are social, they are not sociological: they treat online activity as behaviour, and do not sufficiently appreciate the political effects that arise from interactions between media, technology and people.

Situated Analytics at ETHOS LAB (ITU Copenhagen)

A seminar with Noortje Marres on digital platforms, networked imagery and ethnographic description

Thursday, September 21, 2017 at 12-16:00 in room 5A14/16 at IT University of Copenhagen, Rued Langgaards Vej 7, 2300 Copenhagen S.

Organized and sponsored by the ETHOS Lab and the Data as Relation research project/Velux Foundation.

The seminar asks: How to understand interconnected, digital platforms and online, networked imagery as materials that prompt new forms of ethnographic descriptions? How might the multiplying of environments transform our interpretative practices and theoretical inquiries? What might speculative, experimental or creative takes on ethnographic description (situated analytics) offer in this regard?

Digital platforms such as Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, LinkedIn and others are by now an integral part of social life for many and form environments for organizational world-making. Michel Callon has proposed that social scientists follow the world-building activities of actors, whose concerns they share. In this workshop, we take up the baton, firstly, by focusing on world-making activities in which the presence of digital platforms and the interactions between them are pivotal. And, secondly, by attending to our own interpretation and theory-building of world-making activities on and across digital platforms.

To offer a bit of background, we are interested in the conditions of being ‘a following science’ in a ‘platform society’ where the social is always-already digitally and algorithmically shaped. For the techno-sociologist, -anthropologist, or STS researcher the situation is becoming slightly complicated by this pre-formatting. Not only is there no social context available for analysis (we got rid of that long time ago with ANT), but there is no technical context either, as environments are multiplying. Rather than environments for the happening of the social, the environments have themselves become events in the face of ongoing, constantly transforming social and organizational realities.

Digital methods, computational social science and digital sociology have tackled the move of social life from offline to online by using some of the very infrastructures on which social life unfolds as tools for analysis (Rogers, Marres, Madsen). Some have studied online environments anthropologically using ethnographic and comparative methods (Bolstorff, Taylor). The interconnectedness of platforms and the increasing amount of online, networked images that travel across platforms pose new challenges for how we analyse and intervene in digital worlds. These developments challenge how we theorize as well as how we inquire into digital worlds.

In this workshop, we are particularly interested in how the inter-connectedness and rapid movement of materials online pose challenges to the ethnographic description of digital forms of life. Wang has taught us that big data must be supplemented by the richness of thick, qualitative data. But what might the fate of ethnography’s thick description be in situations where researchers do not have access to the sites where digital data are produced, or where decisions about data’s movements are made, and where interpretative processes are ostensibly distributed among human, technical and other non-human agents? More often than not, relevant decisions are machine-made, and the business environments are hermetically closed to social scientific observation.

It is in these situations, where direct participation is impossible and participant observation or interviews are not an option, that we need another approach. Facebook feeds, twitter conversations and YouTube streams have often been cast in terms of the opposite of thick, lively or rich data. Yet, as the social, organizational and political life forms we seek to grasp and describe ethnographically are now deeply enmeshed with platforms, how can we take them seriously as (ethnographic) materials in interpretative analysis?

Taking a point of departure in a chapter from Noortje Marres’ most recent book “Digital Sociology” we invite the participants of this seminar to develop the notion of situated analytics. Specifically, we begin by discussing a couple of pre-circulated readings, focusing on how they help us problematize the situation described above. Participants are then asked to think together about what a more speculative take on ethnographic description, which we name ‘situated analytics’, might offer to the challenge posed by interconnectedness and online, networked imagery. The workshop is concluded by a writing session in which we experiment with a style of interpretative description that is empirical in the ethnographic sense, yet, speculative or experimental.

Digital Sociology Booklaunch – Social Imaginaries: The re-invention of social research

Panel discussion and book launch of Digital Sociology by Noortje Marres.

9 May, 5-7pm
Central Saint Martins, Granary Building, Granary Square, London N1C 4AA

With: Les Back (Goldsmiths), Lucy Kimbell (UAL), Hannah Knox (UCL), Noortje Marres (Warwick), Mike Savage (LSE), and Amanda Windle (UAL)

BLOG POST By E. Ruppert, Big Data & Society, 24 May 2017

EVENT RECORDING (AUDIO)

Hosted by:
– Innovation Insights Hub, University of the Arts London
– Centre for Interdisciplinary Methodologies, University of Warwick
– Warwick in London

The digital makes possible new ways of monitoring, analysing and intervening in social life. Critics have pointed at the new forms of surveillance and control that this makes possible, and to new types of data economies. But the creation of new forms of knowledge about social life is central to efforts to implement digital infrastructures: they enable the introduction of new kinds of actionable insight into society. At the same time, however, the liking-and-sharing economy has recently been exposed to serve power more than truth. In this context, how can we communicate the constructive potential of the insight that knowing is a social process? What can be the role of social research in digital societies? This is the issue that Digital Sociology (Marres, 2017) examines, and one that this event will explore by way of a panel discussion about the following proposition: in a digital age, “knowing society” becomes an inherently interdisciplinary undertaking, one that requires mutual engagement, and thrives on creative exchange, between computing, social sciences, and the arts.

Places are limited, so please register at digitalsociologylaunch@gmail.com